When one or more permanent teeth are lost due to extractions, injury or accidents, each missing tooth leave a hole in the jawbone. While the gums heal over the bone the underlying jawbone will have high and low points. Meaning, patients with dentures will feel sore spots due to the dentures rubbing against the high points causing the dentures to fir poorly. Overtime the toothless area of the jaw will lose a significant amount of bone which causes thinning of the top ridge once again causing dentures to fit poorly. Some individuals simply have extra bone protruding out from the main jawbone preventing dentures to fir properly.
Alveoplasty is a procedure that helps smooth out lumps along the jawbone and/or flatten or taper jaw ridges allowing dentures to fit properly. Some individuals may need a graft of synthetic bone to smooth the jawbone. Alveoplasty also helps control bleeding and improves the healing time after multiple extractions.
Usually, alveoplasty is not done if only one tooth extracted, the area will heal normally on its own. However, if a sharp edge of bone remains after the tooth is removed, alveoplasty can be done to remove it.
Alveoplasty allows the gums to be stitched closed after an extraction. This enables quicker healing and allows for better control of bleeding because there is no open socket.